At the origin of this style (there is also Takenouchi-ryu or Hisamori-ryu) is a very strange story, whose meaning appears also in the creation of other combat styles with or without weapons.
History tells that in 1532 one bushi (warrior) high level called Hisamori, son of a daimyo (ruler) left for Sannomiya Temple in Okayama Prefecture, for him to retire and devote himself to intense and solitary study of art the bokken (wooden sword) and Bo (staff).
For 7 nights and 7 days underwent an inhuman practice, hitting the trees with bokken to the resistance limits; exhausted, he ended up fast asleep, lying on top of the bokken.
then he had a strange sight, never knowing if I was dreaming or if the apparition that faced her, nowhere coming next, was real: one yamabushi (warrior living as a monk on the mountain) of gray hair said it would more effective by reducing half the length of the bokken and showed her beautiful bare hand fighting techniques that the weak could easily beat the strong.
At dawn he was gone. Based on this mysterious teaching, as if the gods had extended his hand to reward their efforts, Hisamori took the name TOUCHIRO TAKENOUCH and laid the foundations of his school of Ju-Jutsu before he died at age 51, after have transmitted his art to many samurai of his clan.
His son had the privilege of demonstrating TAKENOUCH-RYU before the Gomizuno emperor who, having been very impressed called it “hinoushita toride Kaizan” (the art of supreme and inegualada combat), and authorized its practitioners to use purple strings , the imperial color in their Disgust-jutsu techniques (immobilization techniques with two strings) because the pair of Ju-jutsu itself this school also practiced Bo-jutsu, naginata and tsukaburo (Short Sabre).
The grandson of the founder was one of the companions of Miyamoto Musashi, the most famous swordsman in Japanese history.
630 techniques were taught father to son, preserved as whole secret until the 13th current downward also called Toichiro Takenouchi and whose daughter will take over the succession. However the teaching is now reduced to 150 techniques.
There are two versions to explain the birth of this school. The reader already knows the first referred to the history of medical Shirohei Akiyama and his enlightenment when he saw a willow tree under the snow, which would explain the style name itself “Willow Heart School” (yo = willow, shin = spirit ryu = school).
The other version, probably less known to be less prosaic, refers to a certain Yoshin Miura, also a doctor, who prepared 70 techniques to train the body, because the disease was always caused by an imbalance between the body and the spirit; had two disciples who founded after his death, an yoshin-ryu and other miura-ryu.
It seems however that this is the same man, doctor from Nagasaki, but there were two versions to explain the name of your school; one thing is certain: that he has discovered or in their tribulations in China, or after 100 days meditation, still wants for himself, he is the first to refer to brilliantly the principle of flexibility that will be taken up two centuries later by Jigoro Kano in his Kodokan judo.
Famous school as yoshin-ryu will strongly influence Jigoro Kano in its synthetic research from the old Ju-jutsu: Date Fukuno Masakatsu, one of three samurai formed by Chinese Yuan Chang Pin in the first half of the seventeenth century that left FUKUNA- RYU; this school became RYAI-SHINTO-SHINTORYU- WAJUTSU with terada Heizaemon, student Fukuno; finally the art was changed again by the next generation to become Kito-ryu.
From early on the originality of this school is its demand for “internal” elements and body expression of these in the form of projections: has a lot to do with the old schools of Aiki-jutsu and in particular the concept of wa (harmony) It means the willingness to adapt to the environment and to the opponent, to join him to better subjugate.
It is also found in the form of source KITO RYU-hand combat methods body in which the opponents were supposed to be due to its heavier armor, as in kumiuchi.
One of these stylized forms (Kata) was retoamda by judo (Koshihi in Kata, 5th. Judo Kata, Kata of the “old ways” that Jigoro Kano appreciated especially).
The two best-known representatives of Kito-Ryu form in the nineteenth century, Tsunetoshi Likubo and Tozawa Tokusaburo; the first taught his art to Kano, the second to Ueshiba, which explains that the most important elements of Kito-Ryu has directly influenced the JUDO and then Aikido, arts through which Kito-ryu survives in part.
It is a combination of yoshin-ryu and other contemporary style, Shin-no-Shindo, founded by Yamamato Tamizaemon, d’Osaka. The author is a very prominent character of the century. XVII, whose achievements meet the chronicles of the time, Iso Mataemon, the Ise Province. 15 years young Iso studying in Yedo, the current Tokyo, yoshin-ryu under the direction of Oride Hitotsuya-Nagi, with which was six or seven years; after the death of the old master, the disciple joined Joemon Homma, Shin-no-Shindo-ryu master, to further improve.
After a further period of six years, Iso Mataemon decided to go away and test their techniques on a long journey throughout the country.
During this wandering life visited numerous schools, challenging its members never lost a single fight that account.
It is thought that it was during a particularly famous fight he will have had the revelation of what would be an essential element of your Ju-jutsu style: a day when traveling in the province of Omi, was attacked in Kusatsu by a hundred ( !) bandits; but with the help of his only disciple Nishimura won them all …
You will then have understood the importance of atemi techniques (punching, as in Kenpo Chinese origin), essential to complete a combat against multiple opponents.
Then he devoted himself to the study, looking at the same time as giving the scams and how to avoid them. Eventually develop 124 techniques and gave his school’s name tenhin-Shinyo-ryu; during his life had up to 5,000 disciples and died in Yedo in 1862. Iso Mataemon figure was particularly interesting jujutsu, while being a fearsome fighting and a remarkable theoretical and affirming to the end of his life ascetic view that had martial arts .
Your school will remain famous for its science atemi, bottlenecks and assets.